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Mobility in Cities: Distributional Impact Analysis of Transportation Improvement in São Paulo Metropolitan Region

Author

Listed:
  • Eduardo A. Haddad

    ()

  • Nancy Lozano-Gracia, Eduardo Germani, Renato S. Vieira, Shobei Nakaguma,
  • Emmanuel Skoufias, Bianca Bianchi Alves

Abstract

This paper evaluates the impacts of transportation investments/policies using a spatial computable general equilibrium (SCGE) model integrated to a travel demand model. In order to enhance our understanding of the distributional impacts of transportation improvements in Brazilian cities, we simulate the impact of different types of mobility investments in the São Paulo Metropolitan Region (SPMR). To explore further the income effects of infrastructure investments, we also conduct microsimulation exercises integrated to the SCGE results. We look at 10 different scenarios, ranging from a series of infrastructure-related interventions – considering the expansion of the mass-transit public transportation network – to policies that focus on monetary disincentives to the use of cars. The simulations results suggest trade-offs between efficiency and equity.

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo A. Haddad & Nancy Lozano-Gracia, Eduardo Germani, Renato S. Vieira, Shobei Nakaguma, & Emmanuel Skoufias, Bianca Bianchi Alves, 2018. "Mobility in Cities: Distributional Impact Analysis of Transportation Improvement in São Paulo Metropolitan Region," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2018_11, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).
  • Handle: RePEc:spa:wpaper:2018wpecon11
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    File URL: http://www.repec.eae.fea.usp.br/documentos/Had_Grac_Germ_Vieir_Naka_Skouf_Alve_11WP.compressed.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    General equilibrium; urban mobility; accessibility; productivity; transportation infrastructure.;

    JEL classification:

    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques
    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • R13 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies
    • R42 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government and Private Investment Analysis; Road Maintenance; Transportation Planning

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