Social Origins Of Ottoman Industrialisation: Evidence From The Macedonian Town Of Naoussa
Ottoman industrialisation in cotton spinning was led by the town of Naoussa in Macedonia. This paper shows that Naoussa capitalists grasped the opportunities created by trade liberalisation, accumulated capital in domestic manufacture of woollen cloth, and secured a regular supply of low-wage female labour and free hydraulic energy. It is further shown that they took advantage of local institutional and political mechanisms within the Christian community independent of the relatively remote Ottoman state. But there was no capitalist transformation of agriculture, even though Naoussa capitalists often owned large land estates. Lack of broader institutional and political influence and absence of capitalist transformation of agriculture hampered the transformation of Naoussa capitalists from a provincial social group into a broad-based capitalist class.
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- Pamuk, Sevket, 1986. "The decline and resistance of ottoman cotton textiles 1820-1913," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 205-225, April.
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