IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The Canada-Atlantic Canada Manufacturing Productivity Gap: A Detailed Analysis


  • Andrew Sharpe



The objectives of this report are to examine the characteristics of manufacturing in Atlantic Canada and to shed light on the factors behind the productivity gap between Atlantic Canada and Canada in the context of the manufacturing sector. A number of possible factors contributing to the Atlantic Canada-Canada manufacturing productivity gap are examined, including innovative activity, capital intensity, quality of human resources, economies of scale and the seasonality of production. Of these, innovation is found to be the most important. Since research and development activity has been historically much lower in Atlantic Canada relative to Canada, it is possible that the level of technology embedded in the capital stock in Atlantic Canada is much lower than in Canada. In the end four factors are identified as contributing the most to the Atlantic Canada-Canada manufacturing productivity gap, namely less innovative effort, particularly in high-tech industries; fewer economies of scale; lower educational attainment of the workforce; and greater seasonality of production.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew Sharpe, 2003. "The Canada-Atlantic Canada Manufacturing Productivity Gap: A Detailed Analysis," CSLS Research Reports 2003-08, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
  • Handle: RePEc:sls:resrep:0308

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    File Function: Appendix Tables (zipped)
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Canada; Atlantic Canada; Manufacturing; Productivity; Productivity Growth; Living Standards; Income; Economies of Scale; Seasonality; Seasonal Production; Innovation; Research and Development; R&D; Capital Intensity; Human Capital; Educational Attainment;

    JEL classification:

    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:sls:resrep:0308. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CSLS). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.