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Agricultura, desarrollo económico y democracia


  • Domingo Gallego Martínez



There have been frequent proposals of ways of economic development based on the de-ruralization of economic activity. Behind them lie the empowerment of other productive sectors and other locations for economic activity. The underlying hypothesis is that the potentialities that induce development are to be found in other productive activities and in large urban spaces. The objective of this essay is to highlight the opportunities wasted through de-ruralizing policies when the societies whose prosperity is meant to be boosted are poor and ruralized, that is, they are economies in which most of the population live in small nuclei whose main activity, around which other activities revolve, is agrarian. The intention is to show that, in these cases, de-ruralization might not be the best strategy if what is sought is socially and environmentally balanced growth. To support this line of argument, the productive potential of agrarian activities and of rural economies, as well as the capacity of rural societies to construct cooperative and permeable institutional contexts, will be shown.

Suggested Citation

  • Domingo Gallego Martínez, 2014. "Agricultura, desarrollo económico y democracia," Documentos de Trabajo de la Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria 1413, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria.
  • Handle: RePEc:seh:wpaper:1413

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    Cited by:

    1. Miguel Martín-Retortillo & Vicente Pinilla, 2019. "The fundamental causes of economic growth: a comparative analysis of the total factor productivity growth of European agriculture, 1950-2005," Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) 1912, Asociación Española de Historia Económica.

    More about this item


    rural history; peasant societies; institutional economy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification


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