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Aspectos políticos y científicos del Modelo de la Transición Nutricional: evaluación crítica y nuevos desarrollos


  • Roser Nicolau Nos


  • Jordi Pujol Andreu

    () (Departamento de Economía e Historia Económica. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)


This article examines the origin and early development of the demographic, epidemiological and nutrition transition models, which were defined in order to explain the evolution of biological living standards of the population, during the different phases of the modern economic growth. In particular, the paper shows that those models were developed from the changing processes observed in European countries, and that political factors were important in its original formulation. The paper also shows that rent initially played a very prominent place as an explanatory variable of these processes of transition, but especially in the case of the Nutrition Transition Model. More recent research, however, the model also considers other variables (environmental, institutional and cultural, scientific advances in nutrition and health). Finally, the article points out the main lines of research that are taking place on the nutrition transition, and the main problems they face, especially with regard to the possibility of making forecasts.

Suggested Citation

  • Roser Nicolau Nos & Jordi Pujol Andreu, 2011. "Aspectos políticos y científicos del Modelo de la Transición Nutricional: evaluación crítica y nuevos desarrollos," Documentos de Trabajo de la Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria 1105, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria.
  • Handle: RePEc:seh:wpaper:1105

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Stanley L. Engerman & Kenneth L. Sokoloff, 2003. "Institutional and Non-Institutional Explanations of Economic Differences," NBER Working Papers 9989, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Bayly, C. A., 2008. "Indigenous and colonial origins of comparative economic development : the case of colonial India and Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4474, The World Bank.
    3. Pranab Bardhan, 2005. "Institutions matter, but which ones?," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 13(3), pages 499-532, July.
    4. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2002. "Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(4), pages 1231-1294.
    5. Prados de la Escosura, Leandro, 2007. "Lost decades? : independence and latin America’s falling behind, 1820-1870," IFCS - Working Papers in Economic History.WH wp07-18, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola.
    6. Rodriguez, JoseL., 1987. "Agricultural policy and development in Cuba," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 23-39, January.
    7. C. A. Bayly, 2008. "Indigenous and Colonial Origins of Comparative Economic Development: The Case of Colonial India and Africa," Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series 5908, BWPI, The University of Manchester.
    8. Engerman, Stanley L. & Sokoloff, Kenneth L., 2005. "The Evolution of Suffrage Institutions in the New World," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 65(04), pages 891-921, December.
    9. E.H.P. Frankema, 2005. "The Colonial Origins of Inequality: Exploring the Causes and Consequences of Land Distribution," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 119, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
    10. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2001. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(5), pages 1369-1401, December.
    11. Weingast, Barry R, 1995. "The Economic Role of Political Institutions: Market-Preserving Federalism and Economic Development," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(1), pages 1-31, April.
    12. Kenneth L. Sokoloff & Eric M. Zolt, 2007. "Inequality and the Evolution of Institutions of Taxation: Evidence from the Economic History of the Americas," NBER Chapters,in: The Decline of Latin American Economies: Growth, Institutions, and Crises, pages 83-138 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item


    Demographic Transition; Epidemiological Transition; Nutrition Transition; Health History; Food History; Standard of Living;

    JEL classification:

    • N30 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • N50 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts

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