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Public R&D Subsidies: Collaborative versus Individual Place-Based Programs for SMEs

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This paper provides novel empirical evidence on the effectiveness of regional research and innovation policies for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It investigated two subsidy programs implemented at the regional level in central Italy. One program targeted SMEs’ individual investments in research, and the other focused on collaborative research between SMEs and universities. Using a matched difference-in-differences approach, the empirical analysis showed that the two programs had different effects. The first was successful in stimulating additional private R&D investment and improving firms’ performance. The second had weaker effects, mostly restricted to R&D expenditure and employment. These effects were not always uniformly distributed among project participants.

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  • Andrea Bellucci & Luca Pennacchio & Alberto Zazzaro, 2017. "Public R&D Subsidies: Collaborative versus Individual Place-Based Programs for SMEs," CSEF Working Papers 488, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:sef:csefwp:488
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    3. Okamuro, Hiroyuki & Nishimura, Junichi, 2019. "Effects of multilevel policy mix of public R&D subsidies: Empirical evidence from Japanese local SMEs," CCES Discussion Paper Series 70, Center for Research on Contemporary Economic Systems, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
    4. Kou, Mingting & Yang, Yuanqi & Chen, Kaihua, 2020. "The impact of external R&D financing on innovation process from a supply-demand perspective," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 375-387.
    5. Jun, Seung-Pyo & Yoo, Hyoung Sun & Hwang, Jeena, 2021. "A hybrid recommendation model for successful R&D collaboration: Mixing machine learning and discriminant analysis," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 170(C).
    6. Bettina Becker, 2020. "The Impact of Innovation Policy on Firm Innovation and Performance: A Review of Recent Research Developments," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 17(04), pages 10-15, January.
    7. Ruben Fotso, 2020. "Evaluation of indirect effects of place-based science-industry transfer policies: Case of French Technological Research Institutes," Working Papers halshs-02998262, HAL.
    8. Ruben Fotso, 2020. "Evaluation of the effectiveness of technological platforms as a technology transfer tool: the impact of French Technological Research Institutes on the socio-economic performance of SMEs," Working Papers halshs-02998309, HAL.
    9. Ahn, Joon Mo & Lee, Weonvin & Mortara, Letizia, 2020. "Do government R&D subsidies stimulate collaboration initiatives in private firms?," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 151(C).
    10. Cantabene, Claudia & grassi, iacopo, 2018. "R&D cooperation in SMEs: the direct effect and the moderating role of human capital," MPRA Paper 87925, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Ju Hwan Seo & Daemyeong Cho, 2020. "Analysis of the Effect of R&D Planning Support for SMEs Using Latent Growth Modeling," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-16, January.
    12. Shiyuan Liu & Jiang Du & Weike Zhang & Xiaoli Tian, 2021. "Opening the box of subsidies: which is more effective for innovation?," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 11(3), pages 421-449, September.
    13. Hyoung Sun Yoo & Chul Lee & Seung-Pyo Jun, 2018. "The Characteristics of SMEs Preferring Cooperative Research and Development Support from the Government: The Case of Korea," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(9), pages 1-18, August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Public Subsidies; R&D; Impact Evaluation; SMEs; Cooperation; Regional Policy.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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