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Exchange Rate Pass-Through in a Structural Small Open Economy Model: How Important is the Conduct of Monetary Policy


  • Stephen Murchison


Several authors have presented reduced-form evidence suggesting that the degree of exchange-rate pass-through to the consumer price index has declined in Canada since the 1970s and is currently close to zero. Authors such as Taylor (2000) suggest that this is due to a change in the conduct of monetary policy. Specifically, if monetary policy is seen to be responding more aggressively to shocks that affect inflation then the expected persistence of these shocks will decline and by consequence, so will the degree of pass-through to consumer prices. This paper investigates the extent to which monetary policy, under commitment to inflation targeting, can influence exchange rate pass-through in a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model of a small open economy. We begin by defining pass-through in the context of a reduced-form Phillips curve and then compute numerically the relationship between pass-through and the parameters of a simple policy rule. We then investigate the extent to which reasonable changes in the aggressiveness of policy, such as those observed since the 1970s in Canada, could account for the observed decline in pass-through. The model presented here assumes that imports serve as an input to the home economy's production process. Pass-through of the exchange rate to import prices is incomplete in the short run due to the existence of multi-period price contracts denominated in the home currency.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephen Murchison, 2004. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through in a Structural Small Open Economy Model: How Important is the Conduct of Monetary Policy," Computing in Economics and Finance 2004 207, Society for Computational Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:sce:scecf4:207

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Arthur, W.B. & Holland, J.H. & LeBaron, B. & Palmer, R. & Tayler, P., 1996. "Asset Pricing Under Endogenous Expectations in an Artificial Stock Market," Working papers 9625, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
    2. LeBaron, Blake & Arthur, W. Brian & Palmer, Richard, 1999. "Time series properties of an artificial stock market," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 23(9-10), pages 1487-1516, September.
    3. Levy, Haim & Levy, Moshe & Solomon, Sorin, 2000. "Microscopic Simulation of Financial Markets," Elsevier Monographs, Elsevier, edition 1, number 9780124458901.
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    More about this item


    Exchange rate pass through; dsge models; monetary policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance


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