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Capital Versus Labor Income Taxation With Heterogeneous Agents

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  • Jonathan Heathcote

    (Stockholm School of Economics)

  • David Domeij

Abstract

We investigate the welfare implications of eliminating a proportional capital income tax for a model economy in which heterogeneous households face labor income risk and trade only one asset. Labor taxes rises at the time of the reform to maintain long run budget balance. Our stochastic process for labor earnings is consistent with empirical estimates of earnings risk, and also implies a distribution of asset holdings across households closely resembling that in the United States. We find that a vast majority of households prefers the status quo to the tax reform. This finding is interesting in light of the fact that our reform would be optimal if we abstracted from heterogeneity and assumed a representative agent. Initial household productivity and initial household wealth are dependently important in determining a particular household's expected gain or loss, in constrast to a complete markets economy in which only the ratio of asset to labor income matters.

Suggested Citation

  • Jonathan Heathcote & David Domeij, 2000. "Capital Versus Labor Income Taxation With Heterogeneous Agents," Computing in Economics and Finance 2000 346, Society for Computational Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:sce:scecf0:346
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    Cited by:

    1. T. Kirk White, 2002. "Marginal Tax Rates and the Tax Reform of 1986: the Long-run Effect on the U.S. Wealth Distribution," Macroeconomics 0209002, EconWPA.
    2. Kartik B. Athreya & Andrea L. Waddle, 2007. "Implications of some alternatives to capital income taxation," Economic Quarterly, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, issue Win, pages 31-55.
    3. Ulrike Vogelgesang, 2000. "Optimal Capital Income Taxation and Redistribution," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 57(4), pages 412-434, August.

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