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Общественные Интересы И Теория Публичных Благ
[Public Interests and Public Goods Theory]

Listed author(s):
  • Rubinstein Alexander Yakovlevich

Статья посвящена современной экономической теории общественных благ. Автор анализирует традицию немецкой финансовой науки (Finanz-wissenschaft), в рамках которой были сформулированы важнейшие проблемы, связанные с интересами общества в целом, такие как вопрос о ценообразовании на общественные блага и проблема безбилетника. Анализируя эту традицию и принимая во внимание неоклассическую концепцию общественного сектора, автор формулирует , связанный с несовместимостью методологического индивидуализма и положительным спросом на эти блага. Автор критикует неоклассические теории (П. Самуэльсон, Р. Масгрейв, Х. Марголис) и предлагает альтернативный методо-логическому индивидуализму принцип комплементарности, согласно которому интересы общества в целом несводимы к интересам отдельных индивидов. The article is devoted to the modern public economics. The author analyzes the German Finanzwissenschaft tradition. Major issues connected to the problem of interests of the society as a whole were raised within this tradition: the problem of public goods pricing and the free-rider problem. The author considers this tradition taking into account the neoclassical economic concept of public sector. The article introduces the public goods paradox - incompatibility of methodological individualism and the positive demand for public goods. The author criticizes neoclassical theories (P. Samuelson, R. Musgrave, H. Margolis) and proposes a new approach. He develops the complementarity principle alternative to methodological individualism. According to this idea interests of the society as a whole are irreducible to interests of individuals.

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Paper provided by Institute of Economics in its series Working papers with number y:2007:a:pru175:n:1.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: 03 Sep 2007
Publication status: Published in Вопросы экономики, 2007, no. 10. pp.90-113
Handle: RePEc:rua:wpaper:y:2007:a:pru175:n:1
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