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On the Determinants of Scholastic Performance in Five Asian Countries


  • Deutsch, Joseph

    (Bar-Ilan University)

  • Silber, Jacques

    (Bar-Ilan University)


This paper takes an efficiency analysis perspective to analyze, on the basis of the data of the 2009 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) survey, the determinants of scholastic performance in five Asian countries (Azerbaijan, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Thailand). In the first stage, the huge amount of information available in the PISA survey on the production of education is aggregated via the use of correspondence analysis. To measure efficiency, a stochastic production frontier approach is then adopted and efficiency is estimated at the individual (student) level. Finally, the factors affecting this efficiency are analyzed via an ordinary least squares regression and, using the so-called Shapley decomposition, an attempt is made to determine the exact impact on efficiency of the various explanatory variables that were introduced.

Suggested Citation

  • Deutsch, Joseph & Silber, Jacques, 2013. "On the Determinants of Scholastic Performance in Five Asian Countries," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 335, Asian Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbewp:0335

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    More about this item


    Azerbaijan; correspondence analysis; educational production function; Indonesia; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyz Republic; PISA data; Shapley value; Thailand;

    JEL classification:

    • A20 - General Economics and Teaching - - Economic Education and Teaching of Economics - - - General
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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