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Trade and Income in Asia: Panel Data Evidence from Instrumental Variable Regression




This paper derives a Frankel-Romer instrument from a global trade matrix of 157 countries over the period 1990–2007, and deploys it to assess the relationship between international trade, domestic market potential, and income for the case of developing Asia, compared to the world average. The findings from panel instrumental variable regression confirm international trade to have caused income to rise on average across the world’s trading nations, but particularly so for countries of developing Asia, where this effect appears to be strongest. By contrast, domestic trade potential represented by country size is found to be less relevant a factor in explaining the rise in income of developing Asia. In light of a likely softening of external demand for Asian exports as global rebalancing takes hold, Asia’s underexploited domestic market potential represents considerable scope for the region to step up its efforts to gradually reinforce the domestic and regional dimensions as an additional engine of growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Ferrarini, Benno, 2010. "Trade and Income in Asia: Panel Data Evidence from Instrumental Variable Regression," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 234, Asian Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbewp:0234

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    Cited by:

    1. Yu, Bingxin & Nin Pratt, Alejandro, 2011. "Agricultural Productivity and Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa," 2011 Annual Meeting, July 24-26, 2011, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 105400, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

    More about this item


    Trade and Growth; Gravity Model; Frankel-Romer Instrument; Developing Asia;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General


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