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Did Fiscal Stimulus Lift Developing Asia out of the Global Crisis? A Preliminary Empirical Investigation

Author

Listed:
  • Hur, Seok-Kyun

    (Asian Development Bank)

  • Jha, Shikha

    (Asian Development Bank)

  • Park, Donghyun

    (Asian Development Bank)

  • Quising, Pilipinas

    (Asian Development Bank)

Abstract

Developing Asia has weathered the global economic crisis well and is experiencing a rapid, robust V-shaped recovery. According to conventional wisdom, the fiscal stimulus packages put in place by the region’s governments played a key role in the region’s superior postcrisis performance. The central objective of this paper is to empirically test this conventional wisdom. To do so, we first examine the state of the precrisis fiscal health in major developing Asian countries, and then explore the size and structure of the fiscal stimulus packages that they implemented. Our empirical analysis centers on assessing the impact of fiscal stimulus on developing Asia’s gross domestic product growth during the crisis. Our main finding is that the stimulus has had a significant positive impact. This suggests that fiscal policy has helped the region cushion the adverse impact of the collapse in global trade. The immediate implication for regional policymakers is that proactive use of countercyclical fiscal policy can limit the slowdown of economic activity arising from severe external shocks. The broader, more fundamental policy implication is that it is in the region’s best self-interest to adhere to its long-standing commitment to fiscal discipline so that it has fiscal space to cope with tail risks.

Suggested Citation

  • Hur, Seok-Kyun & Jha, Shikha & Park, Donghyun & Quising, Pilipinas, 2010. "Did Fiscal Stimulus Lift Developing Asia out of the Global Crisis? A Preliminary Empirical Investigation," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 215, Asian Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbewp:0215
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    Cited by:

    1. Bazzi, Samuel & Sumarto, Sudarno & Suryahadi, Asep, 2015. "It's all in the timing: Cash transfers and consumption smoothing in a developing country," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 267-288.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fiscal stimulus; fiscal policy; countercyclical stabilization; global crisis; Asia;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy

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