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l’économie des entrepreneurs : changement économique et trajectoires individuelles (The economics of entrepreneurs economic change and individual trajectories)


  • Sophie Boutillier

    () (labrii, ULCO)


Quel est le secret de la réussite entrepreneuriale ? Comment réussir dans les affaires ? Comment faire fortune ? Comment devenir Rockefeller ? Les économistes formulent deux types de réponse à ces questions. Pour les uns, la réussite est un problème d’individu et d’un travail acharné, dans une société (bien sûr) qui garantit la liberté d’entreprendre. Pour les autres, l’entrepreneur est le produit d’une dynamique économique. L’entrepreneur profite des opportunités qui s’offrent à lui. Ces opportunités sont multiples : liberté d’entreprendre, progrès technique et scientifique, politique publique, urbanisation, industrialisation, etc. Nous tenterons de le montrer par le biais de quelques extraits biographiques. What is the secret of entrepreneurial success? How to succeed? How to become Rockefeller? The economists formulate two kinds of answer for these questions. For the firsts, the success is a problem of individuals and the result of an unremitting work in a society which (of course) guarantees the freedom of undertaking. For the others, the entrepreneur is the result of an economic and social dynamic. The entrepreneur takes advantage of the opportunities of the market. Theses opportunities are : freedom of undertaking, technological and scientific progress, public policy, urbanisation, industrialisation… We will try to demonstrate it by analysing of some biographical extracts.

Suggested Citation

  • Sophie Boutillier, 2003. "l’économie des entrepreneurs : changement économique et trajectoires individuelles (The economics of entrepreneurs economic change and individual trajectories)," Working Papers 65, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:65

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    More about this item


    Economie; entrepreneur; entreprenariat; réussite/economy; entrepreneur; entrepreneurship; success;

    JEL classification:

    • M00 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - General - - - General


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