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Développement portuaire et milieu innovateur le cas de Dunkerque


  • Olivier Coppin

    () (labrii, ULCO)

  • Olivier Jérôme Ziel

    () (labrii, ULCO)

  • Nathalie Mudard

    () (labrii, ULCO)


L'activité portuaire d'un territoire doit-elle être considérée comme un levier ou un frein au développement local ? Si l'application de la théorie des pôles de croissance s'est soldée dans les années 1960 par un développement des zones industrialo-portuaires (ZIP), la crise qui les a frappés dans la décennie suivante a cependant révélé certaines limites. La reconversion plus ou moins réussie de ces ZIP pose le problème de la transition vers un développement endogène. À partir du cas de Dunkerque, ce document présente une analyse des conditions nécessaires à la mise en place d'une nouvelle dynamique économique locale, en s'appuyant notamment sur la théorie des milieux innovateurs. Can the harbour activity of a territory be considered as a spingboard or a curb for local development ? If the implementation of the theory of growth poles has resulted in the development of Maritime Industrial Development Areas (MIDA), the crisis they have undergone during the next ten years has shown some limits. The more or less successful reconversion of the MIDAs asks the question of the transition towards an endogeneous development. Reviewing the case of Dunkirk, this document presents an analysis of the conditions necessary for the setting-up of a new local economic dynamics, relying on the innovative milieu theory.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier Coppin & Olivier Jérôme Ziel & Nathalie Mudard, 2000. "Développement portuaire et milieu innovateur le cas de Dunkerque," Working Papers 31, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:31

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    More about this item


    Activité portuaire; zones industrialo-portuaires; ZIP; dynamique économique; milieu innovateur; Dunkerque/ harbour activity; Maritime Industrial Development Areas; MEDA; economic dynamics; innovative milieu;

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • P32 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Collectives; Communes; Agricultural Institutions


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