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Entrepreneur et socialisation de la production capitaliste (Entrepreneur and socialisation of capitalist production)


  • Jérôme Ziel

    () (labrii, ULCO)

  • Blandine Laperche

    () (labrii, ULCO)


La commercialisation des plantes transgéniques suscite de vives polémiques sur les implications scientifiques et éthiques des manipulations du génome des plantes. Les questions scientifiques, environnementales et sanitaires masquent toutefois les enjeux économiques sous-jacents. En effet, les biotechno- 1ogies suscitent un intérêt économique croissant non seulement de la part des firmes, mais aussi des États. Les biotechnologies végétales sont considérées comme un domaine d'avenir, source de croissance économique et d'emplois. Cependant les nouvelles activités sont de plus en plus dominées par les grands groupes de l'agrochimie. Si les petites firmes semblent jouer un rôle crucial dans cette révolution économique, les biotechnologies permettent une recomposition du paysage industriel au bénéfice des grands groupes – remodelant tout en renforçant cet oligopole mondial très concentré. The commercialization of transgenic plants rises several discussions on the scientific and ethical implications of plant-genome manipulations. However the scientific and sanitary questions mask the underlying economic stakes. Actually biotechnology engenders an economic interest not only from corporations, but also from States. Biotechnology, in general and more specifically in agriculture, is considered as a source of economic growth and jobs creation. If small firms seem to play a crucial role in this economic revolu-tion, biotechnology gives the agrochemical giants the opportunity to restructure the industrial landscape to their benefit–remodeling while strengthening this highly concentrated worldwide oligopoly.

Suggested Citation

  • Jérôme Ziel & Blandine Laperche, 1999. "Entrepreneur et socialisation de la production capitaliste (Entrepreneur and socialisation of capitalist production)," Working Papers 24, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:24

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ewe-Ghee Lim, 2001. "Determinants of, and the Relation Between, Foreign Direct Investment and Growth; A Summary of the Recent Literature," IMF Working Papers 01/175, International Monetary Fund.
    2. S. Lael Brainard, 1993. "A Simple Theory of Multinational Corporations and Trade with a Trade-Off Between Proximity and Concentration," NBER Working Papers 4269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item


    Entrepreneur; pensée économique; innovation; socialisation; production capitaliste Entrepreneur; economic thought; innovation; the capitaliste;

    JEL classification:

    • M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics
    • P48 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Political Economy; Legal Institutions; Property Rights; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Regional Studies


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