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Télécommunications et politiques de développement au Congo - R D C (Telecommunications and development policies in congo-DRC)

  • Jacques Kiambu

    ()

    (labrii, ULCO)

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    Les télécommunications ont traditionnellement été défavorisées en Afrique au profit d'autres choix industriels. Ce qui explique pourquoi, dans les différentes politiques de développement appliquées dans les pays de ce continent, elles n'apparaissaient pas comme une réelle priorité. En RDC, durant plus d'un siècle, elles resteront dépendantes d'une « gestion politique ». Aujourd'hui, consciente de leur importance et du rôle qu'elles peuvent jouer dans la transformation économique et sociale, la RDC tente de réformer les structures de son marché afin d'attirer des capitaux nécessaires pour moderniser et développer son réseau. A la lumière de l'expérience africaine, peut-on affirmer aujourd'hui que cette réforme sera favorable au développement des télécommunications ? Comment se répartissent aujourd'hui les télécommunications, étudiées sur les plans quantitatifs (nombre de lignes téléphoniques) et qualitatifs (la télédensité) en RDC et en Afrique ? Ce document a pour objet de participer à la réflexion sur ce sujet, en consacrant une large place à l'état des lieux des télécommunications en RDC, à sa comparaison avec les autres pays en développement ou développés et à son analyse basée sur l'examen des politiques de développement des télécommunications en RDC. Traditionally in Africa, telecommunications have not been a priority in development policies. For ages, in DRC, telecommunications have been regulated by governments. Nowadays, they are considered as a very important tool in the economic and social change process, and in this context, Congo tries to restructure its market in order to expand and modernise its network. But, taking account of the African experience, is it possible to ascertain that this policy will be helpful for the development of telecommunications? This document aims at participating to the debate on this subject, giving a large part to the inventory of the telecommunication sector in DRC, and to its comparison with other developing and industrialised countries. This documents also examines the development policies of telecommunications in DRC.

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    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 110.

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    Length: 27 pages
    Date of creation: Nov 2005
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Novembre 2005
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:110
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    1. Yvonne Mignot-Lefebvre, 1994. "Technologies de communication et d'information : une nouvelle donne internationale," Revue Tiers Monde, Programme National Persée, vol. 35(138), pages 245-277.
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