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Agency Costs, Net Worth, and Endogenous Business Fluctuations

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  • Giovanno Favara

    () (economics iies stockholm university)

Abstract

The role of credit market imperfections as source of amplification and persistence of temporary exogenous shocks to the economy is widely accepted in the literature. Little attention has been paid to the possibility that credit frictions also generate instability. This paper proposes a theory of business fluctuations where the source of the oscillatory dynamics is an agency problem between investors and entrepreneurs. A central tenet of the theory is that investment decisions depend upon entrepreneurs' incentive to exert effort ex-ante and investors' incentive to control entrepreneurs ex-post. This double-sided incentive is used to show how recessions prevent entrepreneurs from engaging in unproductive activity and booms facilitate the adoption of unproductive arrangements, so that recessions sow the seeds for a subsequent boom while economic expansions create the conditions for their own demise.

Suggested Citation

  • Giovanno Favara, 2006. "Agency Costs, Net Worth, and Endogenous Business Fluctuations," 2006 Meeting Papers 400, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed006:400
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Thakor, Anjan V, 1996. " Capital Requirements, Monetary Policy, and Aggregate Bank Lending: Theory and Empirical Evidence," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 51(1), pages 279-324, March.
    2. Carlstrom, Charles T & Fuerst, Timothy S, 1997. "Agency Costs, Net Worth, and Business Fluctuations: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(5), pages 893-910, December.
    3. Bacchetta, Philippe & Caminal, Ramon, 2000. "Do capital market imperfections exacerbate output fluctuations?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(3), pages 449-468, March.
    4. Christopher L. House, 2002. "Adverse Selection and the Accelerator," Macroeconomics 0211015, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. James S. Ang & Rebel A. Cole & James Wuh Lin, 2000. "Agency Costs and Ownership Structure," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 55(1), pages 81-106, February.
    6. Aghion, Philippe & Saint-Paul, Gilles, 1998. "VIRTUES OF BAD TIMES Interaction Between Productivity Growth and Economic Fluctuations," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(03), pages 322-344, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Credit frictions; Double Moral Hazard; Business Cycles; Endogenous Fluctuations;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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