IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

A Model of Life-Cycle Housing Choices with Uninsurable Labor Income and House Price Risks

  • Rui Yao
  • Wenli Li
Registered author(s):

    In this paper, we study a household’s optimal life-cycle housing choices by calibrating a model with uninsurable labor income and house price risks. In our setup, the household not only decides between renting and owning a house, but also chooses the size of its house. Borrowing is allowed but only through a fixed-rate mortgage. Adjusting the size of the existing house or mortgage incurs transaction costs. Our policy functions suggest that the household purchases a house when its wealth on hand is high relative to its permanent labor income. A homeowner who experiences a negative labor income shock may choose to convert illiquid home equity to liquid asset to finance non-housing consumption in the absence of lower borrowing rates. In keeping with stylized empirical facts, in our simulation homeownership rates and house values exhibit hump-shaped life-cycle patterns, while the holding of illiquid home equity exhibits a U-shape over a household’s age. Mortgage refinancing activities demonstrate a bi-modal pattern ― young homeowners refinance to ease liquidity concerns, while old homeowners refinance to defer house selling expenses and avoid higher renting costs. Comparative static analysis further reveals the importance of labor income and house price risks in housing decisions. In comparison to the benchmark case, a higher transitory income risk delays households’ home purchases, and leads to frequent refinancing activities among young, liquidity-constrained homeowners. By contrast, a higher permanent income risk induces households to save more. Although more of the savings are in liquid form, households also purchase their houses earlier, a result of households’ portfolio decision. Similar to the temporary labor income risk, a higher house price risk delays homeownership and increases the frequency of costly mortgage refinancing by young households who try gain access to illiquid home equity.

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2004 Meeting Papers with number 357.

    as
    in new window

    Length:
    Date of creation: 2004
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:red:sed004:357
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Christian Zimmermann Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis PO Box 442 St. Louis MO 63166-0442 USA
    Fax: 1-314-444-8731
    Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/society.htm
    Email:


    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:red:sed004:357. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Christian Zimmermann)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.