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Coopération, qualification professionnelle et régimes de responsabilité : la "crise" (ou la difficile mutation) professionnelle agricole


  • Allaire, G.


The farming profession, as some other professions, is confronted with a crisis of confidence (food scares, environmental concerns...). This present professional crisis corresponds both with an external challenge expressed by the social and public demands and an internal trend of competencies change under a new context for innovation. From the case of farming, this paper aims to draw a general theoretical framework for profession and professional mode of production. The point of departure at the theoretical level, is analysis of the modes of economic coordination that include collective governance. Springing from scholar's works on professions that use convention or competences-based approaches, un general model of professional conventions is proposed. Conventions of cooperation allow the construction of collective knowledge and the regulation of collectives (communities). Conventions of qualification design the status of professional groups and professions. Professional qualification steam from a set of shared fundamental competences (core competence of the profession) and from and accountability regime corresponding with the professional ethic and code of practices and the public regulation of profession. ...French Abstract : La profession agricole, comme d'autres professions, paraît aujourd'hui remise en cause par une crise de confiance (les peurs alimentaires, les revendications environnementalistes). La crise professionnelle contemporaine qui se manifeste à travers la confrontation de la profession agricole, dans sa diversité, avec un nouveau jeu des contraintes publiques et aussi de l'opinion est aussi une crise interne correspondant avec une redéfinition des compétences professionnelles dans un nouveau contexte d'innovation ("qualité" des produits et "ancrage territorial" de la production). En s'appuyant sur le cas de l'agriculture, ce papier vise à fournir de façon plus générale un cadre théorique d'analyse des compétences professionnelles et de leur régulation. Le point de départ est une analyse des modes de coordination économique qui, à côté du marché et de la réglementation, propose un troisième mode de régulation que l'on peut attribuer aux collectifs. En tirant partie de travaux analysant les professions en termes de convention ou en termes de compétences, un modèle général des conventions professionnelles est dégagé. Des conventions de coopération permettent la construction de savoirs collectifs et la régulation des collectifs, tandis que des conventions de qualification définissent les statuts et les collectifs professionnels. La qualification professionnelle renvoie d'une part à un ensemble de compétences fondamentales et d'autre part à un régime de responsabilité (éthique professionnelle et réglementation des activités professionnelles). La crise professionnelle peut alors être vue comme la conséquence de changements dans les formes de qualification et le régime de responsabilité.

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  • Allaire, G., 2002. "Coopération, qualification professionnelle et régimes de responsabilité : la "crise" (ou la difficile mutation) professionnelle agricole," Economics Working Paper Archive (Toulouse) 44, French Institute for Agronomy Research (INRA), Economics Laboratory in Toulouse (ESR Toulouse).
  • Handle: RePEc:rea:inrawp:44

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    JEL classification:

    • B50 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - General
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • N50 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - General, International, or Comparative

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