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Taxe carbone globale, effet taille de marché et mobilité des firmes

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  • Nelly Exbrayat
  • Carl Gaigné
  • Stéphane Riou

Abstract

[Paper in French] We analyze the impact and the determinants of a global carbon tax maximizing social welfare in an imperfectly integrated economy. Using a model of trade and location with two countries with different population size, we first show that agglomeration of firms in the larger country raises total CO2 emissions. Nevertheless, the introduction of a global carbon tax induces a partial relocation of firms from the larger to the smaller country. Thus, even though the carbon tax is identical in both countries, environmental taxation is not neutral for the location of economic activity. Finally, this partial relocation of firms in the smaller country improves the ability of the carbon tax to reduce total CO2 emissions.

Suggested Citation

  • Nelly Exbrayat & Carl Gaigné & Stéphane Riou, 2013. "Taxe carbone globale, effet taille de marché et mobilité des firmes," Working Papers SMART - LERECO 13-01, INRA UMR SMART-LERECO.
  • Handle: RePEc:rae:wpaper:201301
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    Cited by:

    1. Nelly Exbrayat & Stéphane Riou & Skerdilajda Zanaj, 2015. "Carbon tax, pollution and spatial location of heterogeneous firms," CREA Discussion Paper Series 15-17, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    green house gas; GHG; carbon tax; international trade; firm location; environmental efficiency;

    JEL classification:

    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics

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