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Misalignment in the Growth-Maximizing Policies under Alternative Assumptions of Tax Evasion


  • Rangan Gupta

    () (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)

  • Emmanuel Ziramba

    () (Department of Economics, University of South Africa)


Using an overlapping generations monetary endogenous growth model, we analyze the possible misalignment in the growth-maximizing policies if tax evasion is assumed to be exogenous instead of being treated as a behavioral decision of the agents. By allowing for government transfers to affect young-age income, and, hence, a role for monetary policy, besides fiscal policy, in the determination of the agents reported income, we show that the failure on part of the government to realize tax evasion as endogenous, results in higher tax rates, reserve requirements and money growth rate. This, in turn, implies that the economy would end up experiencing lower (higher) steady-state growth (inflation).

Suggested Citation

  • Rangan Gupta & Emmanuel Ziramba, 2008. "Misalignment in the Growth-Maximizing Policies under Alternative Assumptions of Tax Evasion," Working Papers 200819, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:200819

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Valerie R. Bencivenga & Bruce D. Smith, 1991. "Financial Intermediation and Endogenous Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 195-209.
    3. Arminio Fraga & Ilan Goldfajn & André Minella, 2004. "Inflation Targeting in Emerging Market Economies," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2003, Volume 18, pages 365-416 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Espinosa-Vega, Marco A & Yip, Chong K, 1999. "Fiscal and Monetary Policy Interactions in an Endogenous Growth Model with Financial Intermediaries," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 40(3), pages 595-615, August.
    5. WenShwo Fang & Stephen Miller, 2011. "The lag in effect of inflation targeting and policy evaluation," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(14), pages 1371-1375.
    6. Barro, Robert J, 1990. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 103-126, October.
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    8. Marc Lavoie, 2006. "A Post-Keynesian Amendment To The New Consensus On Monetary Policy," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(2), pages 165-192, May.
    9. V. V. Chari & Larry E. Jones & Rodolfo E. Manuelli, 1995. "The growth effects of monetary policy," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Fall, pages 18-32.
    10. Marco Vega & Diego Winkelried, 2005. "Inflation Targeting and Inflation Behavior: A Successful Story?," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 1(3), December.
    11. Nicholas Apergis & Stephen M. Miller & Alexandros Panethimitakis & Athanassios Vamvakidis, 2005. "Inflation Targeting and Output Growth: Evidence from Aggregate European Data," Working papers 2005-06, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
    12. Mollick, André Varella & Cabral, René & Carneiro, Francisco G., 2011. "Does inflation targeting matter for output growth? Evidence from industrial and emerging economies," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 537-551, July.
    13. Gilberto Libanio, 2005. ""Good governance" in monetary policy and the negative real effects of inflation targeting in developing economies," Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG td277, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
    14. Rangan Gupta & Josine Uwilingiye, 2010. "Evaluating the Welfare Cost of Inflation in a Monetary Endogenous Growth General Equilibrium Model: The Case of South Africa," Working Papers 201002, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    15. WenShwo Fang & Stephen M. Miller & ChunShen Lee, 2009. "Inflation Targeting Evaluation: Short-run Costs and Long-run Irrelevance," Working Papers 0920, University of Nevada, Las Vegas , Department of Economics.
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    More about this item


    Tax Evasion; Monetary Overlapping Generations Model; Endogenous Growth; Growth-Maximizing Policies;

    JEL classification:

    • E26 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Informal Economy; Underground Economy
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • E26 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Informal Economy; Underground Economy

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