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Financial Liberalization and a Possible Growth-Inflation Trade-Off


  • Rangan Gupta

    () (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)


The negative relationship between growth and inflation is well-documented in the literature. However, recent evidences tend to indicate of a possible growth-inflation trade-off. This paper provides a theoretical explanation to the above mentioned empirical contradiction. To validate our point, we develop a monetary endogenous growth model of a financially repressed small open economy in an overlapping generations framework, characterized by curb markets, productive public expenditures, capital mobility, transaction costs in domestic and foreign capital markets, and a flexible exchange rate system, and analyze the impact of financial liberalization on growth and inflation. We show that including financial repression in the model is only necessary, and not sufficient, to produce a trade-off between growth and inflation. Sufficiency, in turn, requires high transaction costs in the domestic financial market.

Suggested Citation

  • Rangan Gupta, 2006. "Financial Liberalization and a Possible Growth-Inflation Trade-Off," Working Papers 200617, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:200617

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    Financial Repression; Growth and Inflation; Unofficial Financial Markets; Monetary Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E26 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Informal Economy; Underground Economy
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy


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