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Revisiting the Inflation-Repression Relationship


  • Rangan Gupta

    () (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)


The paper analyzes the effects of financial liberalization on steady-state inflation. We develop an overlapping generations model with endogenous growth where financial intermediaries are subjected to obligatory `high' cash reserves requirement, serving as the source of financial repression. When calibrated to four Southern European semi-industrialized countries, namely Greece, Italy, Spain and Portugal, that typically had high reserve requirements, the model indicates that the sign of the inflation-financial repression relationship depends crucially on the elasticity of substitution between the cash and credit goods consumed in the economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Rangan Gupta, 2005. "Revisiting the Inflation-Repression Relationship," Working Papers 200508, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:200508

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Van Wijnbergen, S., 1983. "Interest rate management in LDC's," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 433-452, September.
    2. Van Wijnbergen, Sweder, 1986. "Exchange rate management and stabilization policies in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 227-247, October.
    3. Ranjanendra Narayan Nag, 2000. "Stabilization Dynamics and Non Bank Financial Intermediaries," Indian Economic Review, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, vol. 35(2), pages 193-209, July.
    4. van Wijnbergen, S., 1982. "Stagflationary effects of monetary stabilization policies : A quantitative analysis of South Korea," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 133-169, April.
    5. Van Wijnbergen, S., 1985. "Macro-economic effects of changes in bank interest rates : Simulation results for South Korea," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2-3), pages 541-554, August.
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    More about this item


    Financial Repression; Inflation; Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy


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