IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/pra/mprapa/96920.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

User charges for Municipal Infrastructure in Western Canada

Author

Listed:
  • Tedds, Lindsay M.

Abstract

There has been an increasing reliance on the user-pay model to fund municipal infrastructure in Canada. User fees as a source of own-source municipal revenue have more than tripled since 1965 (Tindal et al. 2012, p. 262). However, the application of the user-pay model is constrained by two important factors. First, user charges have very specific legal constraints on them that may be at odds with the nature of the specific infrastructure for which funds are being sought. Second, municipal government is known as the “the most varied form of government in Canada” (Treff and Ort 2013, p. 1:3) which makes it difficult to not only make comparisons of the use of user charges both within and across jurisdictions, but also to make sweeping conclusion about the best way for all municipalities to fund their infrastructure priorities. These characteristics and constraints mix together to provide a complicated landscape within which municipal infrastructure needs can be and are financed and leads to diverse approaches to financing municipal infrastructure in Canada. In addition, it explains why many municipalities may not adhere to the best practices as outlined in the literature. This paper examines some of the general considerations regarding the constraints on user charges along with specific contextual environments regarding the municipal user charges in Western Canada. The paper begins by setting out the constraints that user charges must meet regardless of jurisdiction and then considers the specific jurisdictional constraints in two Western provinces. The discussion focuses on Alberta and British Columbia as these two provinces, despite being neighbours, have very different environments within with municipalities operate leading to different reliance on and uses of user charges. The paper concludes by discussing some of the comparative complications that arise.

Suggested Citation

  • Tedds, Lindsay M., 2017. "User charges for Municipal Infrastructure in Western Canada," MPRA Paper 96920, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:96920
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/96920/1/MPRA_paper_96920.pdf
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Catherine Althaus & Lindsay M. Tedds & Allen McAvoy, 2011. "The Feasibility of Implementing a Congestion Charge on the Halifax Peninsula: Filling the "Missing Link" of Implementation," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 37(4), pages 541-561, December.
    2. Kelly I.E. Farish & Lindsay M. Tedds, 2014. "User Fee Design by Canadian Municipalities: Considerations Arising from the Case Law," Canadian Tax Journal, Canadian Tax Foundation, vol. 62(3), pages 635-670.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Tedds, Lindsay M., 2019. "Who Pays for Municipal Governments? Pursuing the User Pay Model," MPRA Paper 96915, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Tedds, Lindsay M., 2018. "Non-tax Revenue for Funding Municipal Governments: Take-up, Constraints, and Emerging Opportunities," MPRA Paper 96919, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Kelly I.E. Farish & Lindsay M. Tedds, 2014. "User Fee Design by Canadian Municipalities: Considerations Arising from the Case Law," Canadian Tax Journal, Canadian Tax Foundation, vol. 62(3), pages 635-670.
    4. Dalumpines, Ron & Scott, Darren M., 2017. "Determinants of route choice behavior: A comparison of shop versus work trips using the Potential Path Area - Gateway (PPAG) algorithm and Path-Size Logit," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 59-68.
    5. Tedds, Lindsay M. & Euper, Brock, 2019. "The Costs of Energy-related Linear Property on Local Governments in Canada and the Role of That Local Government Revenue Tool Can Play in Addressing these Costs," MPRA Paper 96918, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    User levies; User fees; Regulatory Charges; Municipal Revenue; Municipal Infrastructure;

    JEL classification:

    • H27 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Other Sources of Revenue
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:96920. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/vfmunde.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.