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A new dawn for the crescent moon: is the fear of an influx of Turkish nationals driving European law?


  • Cooke, Alex


This paper argues that legally speaking, Turkish service recipients must be granted visa-free access to the EU. The freedom to provide services is covered by Article 41(1) Additional Protocol, and rights in this field should be extended as far as possible to Turkish nationals, as outlined in Abatay and others. Article 41(1) AP’s aim is to ensure no new visa restrictions can be placed on Turkish nationals. Given that the freedom to receive services is, as stated in Luisi and Carbone, a necessary corollary of the freedom to provide services, it is logical that this must be extended to service recipients. Furthermore, this paper argues that the extensive body of case law and Treaty law between the EU and Turkey demonstrate a relationship that is far greater than a simply economic one, as suggested by the CJEU in Ziebell, conferring greater rights on Turkish nationals. The CJEU, as outlined in Article 19(3) of the TEU, has a purely legal role within the EU legal order. It should only rule according to the letter of the law, as opposed to bringing invalid considerations into the judgment. In this regard, the Court must rule that Turkish service recipients are entitled to visa free travel. The CJEU has, however, borne political reasoning in mind in the past, especially with regard to association agreements. Demirkan potentially has huge ramifications, with the ‘erosion of sovereignty’ that comes with opening of borders to third countries. This would open the door to 75 million Turkish nationals to move freely in the EU, and given the recent violent protests in Turkey and the strength of anti-Turkish sentiments in the press. This whole issue highlights how the CJEU is often thrust into inherently political matters when its sole mandate is to rule on the law of the European Union.

Suggested Citation

  • Cooke, Alex, 2013. "A new dawn for the crescent moon: is the fear of an influx of Turkish nationals driving European law?," MPRA Paper 63193, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:63193

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bahar Rumelili, 2007. "Transforming Conflicts on EU Borders: the Case of Greek-Turkish Relations," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45, pages 105-126, March.
    2. Christophe Rault & Robert Sova & Ana Maria Sova, 2008. "The Role of Association Agreements within European Union Enlargement to Central and Eastern European Countries," Aussenwirtschaft, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science, Swiss Institute for International Economics and Applied Economics Research, vol. 63(03), pages 309-328, September.
    3. Yalincak, Orhun Hakan, 2013. "Freedom of Movement Rights of Turkish Nationals in the European Union," MPRA Paper 63158, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    More about this item


    european union; free movement; turkish nationals; european court of justice;

    JEL classification:

    • K0 - Law and Economics - - General
    • K00 - Law and Economics - - General - - - General (including Data Sources and Description)
    • K2 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law
    • K20 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - General
    • K3 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law
    • K30 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - General
    • K33 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - International Law
    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior

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