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The Cost of Misguided Urbanization: The Case of Informal Settlements in Butuan City, Philippines

Author

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  • Navarro, Ma. Kresna
  • Almaden, Catherine Roween

Abstract

The informal settlements in Butuan City, Philippines pose the intractable problem of housing and providing services for the urban poor. They exact tremendous costs to government infrastructure projects and the city as a whole. In this study, these costs are accounted for, particularly the costs the government will incur to compensate them for being displaced in the implementation of public infrastructure project. Primary data were collected through inventory of losses (IOL), socio-economic survey (SES) and the replacement cost surveys. Secondary data were obtained through key informant interviews with different stakeholders. The paper quantifies the costs of compensating them thru replacement of their affected resources and providing resettlement. It also establishes different types of compensation to secure just terms for all parties. It presents a rich picture of how the informal settlers affect urban environment and the monetary and operational challenges they pose to the government and the society at large.

Suggested Citation

  • Navarro, Ma. Kresna & Almaden, Catherine Roween, 2014. "The Cost of Misguided Urbanization: The Case of Informal Settlements in Butuan City, Philippines," MPRA Paper 60517, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:60517
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    Keywords

    Informal Settlements; Social Cost; Urbanization;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects

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