IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Hierarchy of Agricultural Functions: A Study of Production and Marketed Output in Purnia (North Bihar, India)


  • Mahmood Ansari, Mahmood Ansari


There may be a situation for classes of peasantry whereby a peasant-cultivator of a specific class location may not even make both ends meet. A peasant may be in debt. It may not be the net returns for a peasant of this class but the gross yield, which he/she may be seeking to maximize with the burden of debt allowed to be accumulating. In such circumstances, it is clearly futile to reduce all operators to the status of the profit maximizers. It is worth arguing that there cannot logically and realistically be a uniform technology adopted by the peasantry, who are differentiated on the basis of inequality in the resource endowments and land ownership base. In such a circumstance, the minimization of deviations from the average relation between inputs and output characterizing the least-square method of regression analysis to derive a production function is anti-thesis of the differentiation of peasantry. All the operators are not to be assumed to be uniformly profit-maximizers and a uniform technology may not posited to be accessible to all classes of peasantry. It is therefore posited that there are bound to be logically a hierarchy of production functions rather than a unique aggregate function in the agriculture. A unique production function is best suitable for a cross-section of uniformly controlled experimental farms, but not the diverse class of actual farms possessed by differentiated peasantry. What is true of an agricultural production function is equally true of a marketed surplus function. What must not be debatable is the assertion that there is logically a possibility of a hierarchy of marketed surplus functions on the divergent peasant farms of the differentiated peasantry in the district of Purnia in north Bihar, India.

Suggested Citation

  • Mahmood Ansari, Mahmood Ansari, 2010. "Hierarchy of Agricultural Functions: A Study of Production and Marketed Output in Purnia (North Bihar, India)," MPRA Paper 52597, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:52597

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    peasantry; price; labour; output; yield; acreage; regression coefficient; statistical test production function; marketed surplus function; class differentiation; rich peasant; small peasant; middle peasant; district;

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:52597. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter) or (Rebekah McClure). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.