IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The Link between Extreme Poverty and Young Dependents in the Philippines:Evidence from Household Surveys


  • Mapa, Dennis S.
  • Albis, Manuel Leonard F.
  • Lucagbo, Michael


The high level of extreme poverty or those experiencing hunger in the country is the most pressing issue that needs to be addressed by our policymakers. Official government statistics and data from self-rated hunger surveys show an increasing trend in hunger incidence among households. On the one hand, latest data from the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) show that the percentage of population experiencing hunger almost remained the same from 11.1 percent in 2003 to 10.8 percent in 2009. On the other hand, the Social Weather Stations (SWS) quarterly surveys on hunger incidence show an increasing trend in the percentage of families that experienced hunger, reaching 18.4 percent (about 3.8 million households) in the 2nd Quarter of 2012. This study looks at the determinants of extreme poverty among households using the data from the Family Income and Expenditures Survey (FIES) and the household surveys of SWS. Using a logit model on the pooled data, the results show that presence of a young dependent in the household increases the probability that the household will be extremely poor, controlling for other factors. Other variables that influence the probability of the household being extremely poor are the education of the household head and percentage of cash transfer from abroad. Moreover, regional characteristics such as varying food prices and underemployment rate (quality of jobs) explain a lot about the probability of the household being extremely poor. The study shows that we cannot ignore the evidence linking population growth and poverty. Development policies aimed at addressing poverty incidence in the country must include measures that will manage the country’s bourgeoning population.

Suggested Citation

  • Mapa, Dennis S. & Albis, Manuel Leonard F. & Lucagbo, Michael, 2012. "The Link between Extreme Poverty and Young Dependents in the Philippines:Evidence from Household Surveys," MPRA Paper 40895, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40895

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Arsenio Balisacan & Sharon Piza & Dennis Mapa & Carlos Abad Santos & Donna Odra, 2010. "The Philippine economy and poverty during the global economic crisis," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 47(1), pages 1-37, June.
    2. Balisacan, Arsenio M. & Mapa, Dennis S. & Briones, Kristine Joy S., 2007. "Robust Determinants of Income Growth in the Philippines," Philippine Journal of Development PJD 2006 Vol. XXXIII Nos., Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    3. Ernesto M. Pernia, et al., 2011. "Population, Poverty, Politics and the Reproductive Health Bill," UP School of Economics Discussion Papers 201101, University of the Philippines School of Economics.
    4. repec:phd:pjdevt:pjd_2006_vol._xxxiii_nos._1and2-b is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Extreme Poverty; Young Dependents; Logit Model; Population Management;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • R20 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - General
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40895. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter) or (Rebekah McClure). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.