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Simulation in Sport Finance


  • Joris, Drayer
  • Daniel, Rascher


Simulations have long been used in business schools to give students experience making real-world decisions in a relatively low-risk environment. The OAKLAND A’S BASEBALL BUSINESS SIMULATOR takes a traditional business simulation and applies it to the sport industry where sales of tangible products are replaced by sales of an experience provided to fans. The simulator asks students to make decisions about prices for concessions, parking, and merchandise, player payroll expenses, funding for a new stadium, and more. Based on these inputs, the program provides detailed information about the state of the franchise after each simulated year, including attendance, winning percentage, revenues vs. expenses, revenue sharing, and stadium financing. The use of simulations such as this one enhances students’ organizational skills and students’ ability to think critically and imaginatively about the data while applying relevant knowledge and an appropriate strategy to achieve the best possible results. This is particularly important in the field of sport management where few, if any, other simulators exist that are specific to the field.

Suggested Citation

  • Joris, Drayer & Daniel, Rascher, 2010. "Simulation in Sport Finance," MPRA Paper 25805, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:25805

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Rascher, Daniel & Rascher, Heather, 2004. "NBA Expansion and Relocation: A Viability Study of Various Cities," MPRA Paper 25740, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Rascher, Daniel A. & Baehr, Matthew J. & Wolfe, Jason & Frohwerk, Steven, 2006. "An Analysis of Expansion and Relocation Sites for Major League Soccer," MPRA Paper 25742, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Jason Winfree & Jill McCluskey & Ron Mittelhammer & Rodney Fort, 2004. "Location and attendance in major league baseball," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(19), pages 2117-2124.
    4. Song, Haiyan & Liu, Xiaming & Romilly, Peter, 1997. "A Comparative Study of Modelling the Demand for Food in the United States and the Netherlands," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(5), pages 593-608, Sept.-Oct.
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    More about this item


    baseball business; computer-based learning; simulation/gaming; stadium/facility financing; sport finance; sport management;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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