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The Invariant Method is Manipulable


  • László Á. Kóczy

    () (Budapest Tech)

  • Martin Strobel

    (Department of Economics, Maastricht University)


We show that the invariant method (Pinski and Narin, 1976), recently axiomatised by Palacios-Huerta and Volij (2004), and used to quality-rank academic journals is subject to manipulation: a journal can boost its performance by making additional citations to other journals.

Suggested Citation

  • László Á. Kóczy & Martin Strobel, 2007. "The Invariant Method is Manipulable," Working Paper Series 0804, Óbuda University, Keleti Faculty of Business and Management, revised May 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:pkk:wpaper:0804

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    quality ranking academic journals; invariant method; manipulation;

    JEL classification:

    • A1 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics
    • C8 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs
    • Y1 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Data: Tables and Charts

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