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Analysis of convergence process of Polish household food expenditures


  • Iwona Muller-Fraczek

    () (Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland)

  • Joanna Muszynska

    () (Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland)

  • Michal Bernard Pietrzak

    () (Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland)


This paper presents an analysis of expenditure on food of households in Poland in the years 1999-2010. Since their level and dynamics can be used as a measure of well-being of society this process was used to examine internal social convergence of regions, in this case the voivodeships. The aim of this paper was to validate the hypothesis about the process for ß-convergence in the share of household expenditure on food in total expenditures. The research has allowed the identification of long-term tendency of the level of expenditure on food in Polish households. Based on the analysis of conditional convergence, the article indicates household disposable income as a strong determinant of social convergence process in Poland. For the verification of hypotheses dynamic panel models were applied. The analysis was based on data from the CSO website. All calculations were performed in the Gretl.

Suggested Citation

  • Iwona Muller-Fraczek & Joanna Muszynska & Michal Bernard Pietrzak, 2013. "Analysis of convergence process of Polish household food expenditures," Working Papers 34/2013, Institute of Economic Research, revised May 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:pes:wpaper:2013:no34

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    More about this item


    convergence; household; panel data model;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • R20 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - General
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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