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Clusters de las industrias en el Perú

Author

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  • Jorge Torres Zorrilla

Abstract

Este estudio presenta un análisis clúster de los sectores industriales y de servicios de la economía peruana, a partir de la tabla insumo-producto para el año 2007. El estudio describe los clústeres listando las empresas más importantes, los eslabonamientos productivos, el destino final de los productos, y la propiedad de las empresas claves consideradas. El estudio concluye que los clústeres industriales en Perú tienen un carácter embrionario debido a: (a) limitaciones de capacidad tecnológica en las empresas, (b) insuficiencia de demanda interna que permita aprovechamiento de economías de escalas, (c) limitaciones para un mayor financiamiento, y (d) retracción de la inversión extranjera directa. El estudio concluye que los clústeres más desarrollados son los complejos de exportación: Minería-Metalurgia, Pesca, y Textiles; y el sector Construcción.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Torres Zorrilla, 2016. "Clusters de las industrias en el Perú," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2016-427, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00427
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    Keywords

    Analisis Cluster ; Analisis sectorial ; Economía Insumo-Producto ; Modelos insumo-producto;

    JEL classification:

    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models

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