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Mediciones del cambio estructural en el Perú: un análisis regional, 2002-2011


  • Mario D. Tello

    (Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)


A pesar del alto crecimiento económico y significante reducción de la pobreza en el Perú de la última década, las tres medidas de ‘cambio estructural’ que aquí se presentan señalan que dicho cambio no ha sido significativo a nivel de regiones, particularmente para el grupo de regiones ‘pobres’. Este bajo nivel de cambio estructural es consistente, por un lado, con la casi inalterable estructura productiva de las regiones concentrada en productos primarios y servicios de baja productividad laboral, y de otro lado, con el pequeño decline (de 5 puntos porcentuales) de la participación de la fuerza laboral ocupada en actividades informales del total de la población económicamente activa ocupada entre el período 2002-2008 y el período 2011-2012. Si la meta del Perú y sus regiones es conseguir el desarrollo económico, el actual modelo a pesar de su crecimiento y disminuciones de la tasa de pobreza no serán suficientes para conseguir dicha meta. Para lograrla se requiere ‘cambios estructurales’ en producción y actividades informales de baja productividad tal que la enorme disparidad de la productividad laboral entre regiones, sectores y actividades formales-informales desaparezca con continuos y auto-sostenidos incrementos de sus respectivas productividades laborales.

Suggested Citation

  • Mario D. Tello, 2013. "Mediciones del cambio estructural en el Perú: un análisis regional, 2002-2011," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2013-364, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00364

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Cambio estructural; productividad laboral; informalidad.;

    JEL classification:

    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity


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