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Clusters de la industria en el Perú

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  • Jorge Torres Zorrilla

Abstract

This study presents a cluster analysis of all industrial sectors in Peru, which is derived from the information contained in the input-output matrix of the Peruvian economy for the year 1994. The study lists the most important firms in every cluster, it describes the production links among firms and the final destination of all outputs, and it provides information on who are the owners of some of the most important firms. The conclusions of the study are: (i) industrial clusters in Peru are yet in the first stages of development; (ii) there are limitations for further clustering due to: low technological capabilities, to lack of capacity to generate innovations and transfer learning experiences, to insufficient domestic demands which only allow small scales of production, and to present-day restrictions for external financing and new direct foreign investment; (iii) the most-developed industrial clusters in Peru are those related to the exporting complexes of the economy: Mining-Metal Industries, Fishing, and Textiles.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Torres Zorrilla, 2003. "Clusters de la industria en el Perú," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2003-228, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00228
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    File URL: http://files.pucp.edu.pe/departamento/economia/DDD228.pdf
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    1. -, 2013. "Natural resources within the Union of South American Nations: status and trends for a regional development agenda," Libros y Documentos Institucionales, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 3117 edited by Eclac.

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