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The growth performance and prospects in the Euro area: a balance-of-payments approach


  • Carluccio Bianchi

    () (Department of Economics and Management, University of Pavia)

  • Eleonora Lorenzini

    () (Department of Economics and Management, University of Pavia)


This paper aims to apply the balance of payments constrained-growth model to explain Euro area growth performance in the last forty years and to discuss likely prospects for the future. After a formal reconsideration of the long-run and short-run arguments supporting the validity of the Post-Keynesian approach to economic growth, a simplified and an extended version of the basic model are outlined. The application of these models to the Euro area experience shows that Thirlwall’s Law performs quite well in explaining growth in all decades under consideration. The fundamental reasons behind the recent unsatisfactory EMU growth experience, therefore, appear to be a decreasing export dynamics and a rising dependence on imports. Given current trends, the prospects for the future appear to be gloomy, unless structural reforms of the productive system are promoted in order to improve overall EMU competitiveness.

Suggested Citation

  • Carluccio Bianchi & Eleonora Lorenzini, 2014. "The growth performance and prospects in the Euro area: a balance-of-payments approach," DEM Working Papers Series 067, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:pav:demwpp:067

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    Cited by:

    1. Jeanete Dias & Micaela Antunes, 2015. "Applying Thirlwall’s Law to the Portuguese economy: a sectoral analysis," GEMF Working Papers 2015-20, GEMF, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra.

    More about this item


    Growth; Euro area; Thirlwall’s Law; balance-of-payments constraint; import and export functions;

    JEL classification:

    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe

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