IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Willingness to Compete and Work Incentives


  • Chika Yamanami

    (PhD student, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University)


This paper studies the relationship between non-cognitive ability and productivity through analyzing the influence of workers' willingness to compete on their annual income and work motivation. Willingness to compete is important, like other non-cognitive abilities, in the sense that it can affect lifetime income through job selection. Willingness to compete can be determined not only by inherent factors, but also by the growing environment, especially by an exogenous economic shock such as the recession of the country in adolescence. Utilizing the fact that an adolescent experience of exogenous economic recession makes people avoid competition, this paper examines the effect of willingness to compete on work performance in Japan, by instrumental variable estimation with the timing of recession as an instrument for willingness to compete. After we confirmed that the willingness to compete is discouraged when experiencing recession in adolescence, we show that willingness to compete increases work incentives among Japanese workers. That is, those who faced recession unfortunately during the adolescence become less motivated to work after avoiding competition in their work places.

Suggested Citation

  • Chika Yamanami, 2019. "Willingness to Compete and Work Incentives," OSIPP Discussion Paper 19J004, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University.
  • Handle: RePEc:osp:wpaper:19j004

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:osp:wpaper:19j004. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Akiko Murashita (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.