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Effects of 'Family-friendly' Fringe Benefits on Wages in Japan


  • Michiyo Hashiguchi

    (Research Associate, Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP),Osaka University)


Using the Survey of Company Fringe Benefits provided by the Life Insurance Culture Centre in 2002 (Social Science Japan data archive), this study provides corrected estimates for endogeneity attributed to family-friendly policies on wages. The results indicate that the policies related to childcare and care for the elderly have a negative impact on wages when they are actually used. In turn, the effects of the provision of these policies are different by genders on confirming the estimates of two treatment dummies: the satisfaction with regard to training provisions, and the satisfaction over improved employability. While the former has positive effects on wages for both genders, the latter has positive for males, but negative for females. This finding suggests the importance of providing effective incentives related to training in order to facilitate individual job skills and career progress toward a gender equal society.

Suggested Citation

  • Michiyo Hashiguchi, 2009. "Effects of 'Family-friendly' Fringe Benefits on Wages in Japan," OSIPP Discussion Paper 09J003, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University, revised Oct 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:osp:wpaper:09j003

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    family-friendly; fringe benefits; gender; leave; policy;

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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