IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Effects of 'Family-friendly Fringe' Benefits on Wages in Japan


  • Michiyo Hashiguchi

    (Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP),Osaka University)


This paper analyses the effect of family-friendly policies on wages. Using the full treatment effect model, the survey on Company Fringe Benefits 2002 was analysed. While the gender wage gap was confirmed, the effect of family-friendly policies on wages was found to differ from males to females. For instance, childcare and elder care related policies tended to be used mostly by females. As a result, these policies only had a negative impact on female wages. In turn, results of probit estimates indicated that productive workers tend to use more childcare and elder care related policies. It is suggested, therefore, that rewards and retention strategies should be provided to ensure productive workers.

Suggested Citation

  • Michiyo Hashiguchi, 2009. "Effects of 'Family-friendly Fringe' Benefits on Wages in Japan," OSIPP Discussion Paper 09E003, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University.
  • Handle: RePEc:osp:wpaper:09e003

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    More about this item


    family-friendly; fringe benefits; gender; leave; policy;

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:osp:wpaper:09e003. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Akiko Murashita). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.