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Estimating individual total costs of domestic violence


  • Cristina Santos

    () (Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Open University)


This paper estimates total individual costs of domestic violence. It draws on a cross-section survey that includes data on self-reported victimization variables, individual income and a self-reported life satisfaction variable. Using a life satisfaction approach, it estimates the variation in income needed to compensate for the presence of domestic violence, approximating the shadow price of domestic violence. It accounts for socio-demographic characteristics, relative bargaining power, local crime rates and personality. Results show that the valuation respondents place on violence depends both on income and on whether they are men and women. Men's valuation tends to be more significant for low income levels and for low vulnerability levels. Women's valuation and marginal utility of income does not seem to depend significantly on violence. As such, women's average valuation is estimated to be approximately £12500 and men's goes from roughly £1000 up to £25000.

Suggested Citation

  • Cristina Santos, 2008. "Estimating individual total costs of domestic violence," Open Discussion Papers in Economics 71, The Open University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:opn:wpaper:71

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    Cited by:

    1. Ozge Gokdemir & Emine Tahsin, 2014. "Factors that Influence the Life Satisfaction of Women Living in the Northern Cyprus," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 115(3), pages 1071-1085, February.

    More about this item


    domestic violence; life satisfaction approach; shadow price; England and Wales;

    JEL classification:

    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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