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Agricultural Trade and Employment in South Africa

Author

Listed:
  • Ron Sandrey

    (National Agricultural Marketing Council)

  • Cecilia Punt

    (National Agricultural Marketing Council)

  • Hans Grinsted Jensen

    (National Agricultural Marketing Council)

  • Nick Vink

    (National Agricultural Marketing Council)

Abstract

This report provides an overview of policy changes in South African agriculture over the past three decades, and of some of the associated impacts on output, trade patterns and employment. In agriculture, the story is one of widespread substitution of labour for capital. While the sector has shed more than a million jobs over the past four decades, the paper highlights its continuing role as an employment creator in rural areas, albeit mainly in low-wage occupations. As for its principal analytical contribution, this paper considers future trade liberalisation in the agricultural sector. Using two different economic models, we find a remarkably consistent pattern whereby agricultural trade liberalisation in the region is predicted to increase agricultural employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Ron Sandrey & Cecilia Punt & Hans Grinsted Jensen & Nick Vink, 2011. "Agricultural Trade and Employment in South Africa," OECD Trade Policy Papers 130, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:traaab:130-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg3nh58nvq1-en
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    employment; inclusive growth; trade; wages;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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