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An Emerging Knowledge-Based Economy in China?: Indicators from OECD Databases


  • Chiara Criscuolo
  • Ralf Martin


This paper shows that China is catching up rapidly with other dynamic Asian economies and the Triad economies on a score of indicators relating to the knowledge-based economy. Taking into account that a number of measurement issues hamper international comparability to varying degrees, some of the main results are the following. • Economic growth in China has outpaced the other economies substantially. Nevertheless, GDP per capita is still considerably smaller than that of the other economies. • The main contributor to GDP in China is industry (mining; manufacturing; electricity, gas and water supply; and construction), which saw its share rise by 10 percentage points to 52% between 1990 and 2002. • Trade in goods as a percentage of GDP doubled between 1990 and 2002, reaching a level well above that of the Triad economies. The largest contribution to this expansion was made by... Les multinationales et le rôle préponderant de la productivité américaine : Le cas de la Grande-Bretagne D'après des études américaines au niveau de l'entreprise, les multinationales américaines sont plus productives que les autres multinationales. Cette situation pourrait s'expliquer par le rôle prééminent de la productivité aux États-Unis ou par la facilité avec laquelle les entreprises américaines exercent leurs activités sur le territoire de leur pays. La démonstration serait plus convaincante si les entreprises américaines étaient en tête à l'extérieur des États-Unis. Nous étudions la productivité des établissements industriels détenus par des entreprises américaines situées au Royaume-Uni. Notre étude se démarque de beaucoup d'études consacrées aux établissements industriels à capitaux étrangers de trois manières. Premièrement, grâce à une nouvelle base de données, nous pouvons identifier non seulement les multinationales étrangères, mais également les multinationales nationales. Nous concluons que les multinationales du Royaume-Uni sont moins productives que les établissements ...

Suggested Citation

  • Chiara Criscuolo & Ralf Martin, 2004. "An Emerging Knowledge-Based Economy in China?: Indicators from OECD Databases," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2004/4, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2004/4-en

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. John Baldwin & Timothy Dunne & John Haltiwanger, 1998. "A Comparison Of Job Creation And Job Destruction In Canada And The United States," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, pages 347-356.
    2. Steven J. Davis & John C. Haltiwanger & Scott Schuh, 1998. "Job Creation and Destruction," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262540932, January.
    3. Lin, Zhengxi & Picot, Garnett & Yates, Janice, 1999. "The Entry and Exit Dynamics of Self-employment in Canada," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1999134e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    4. Newman, Howard H, 1978. "Strategic Groups and the Structure-Performance Relationship," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, pages 417-427.
    5. Baldwin, John R. & Rafiquzzaman, Mohammed, 1995. "Selection versus evolutionary adaptation: Learning and post-entry performance," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, pages 501-522.
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    7. Pakes, Ariel & Ericson, Richard, 1998. "Empirical Implications of Alternative Models of Firm Dynamics," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, pages 1-45.
    8. Baldwin, John R. & Bian, Lin & Dupuy, Richard & Gellatly, Guy, 2000. "Failure Rates for New Canadian Firms: New Perspectives on Entry and Exit," Failure Rates for New Canadian Firms: New Perspectives on Entry and Exit, Statistics Canada, Economic Analysis Division, number stcb5e, July.
    9. John Haltiwanger, 1997. "Measuring and analyzing aggregate fluctuations: the importance of building from microeconomic evidence," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue May, pages 55-78.
    10. Agarwal, Rajshree & Gort, Michael, 1996. "The Evolution of Markets and Entry, Exit and Survival of Firms," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, pages 489-498.
    11. Baldwin,John R. & Gorecki,Paul, 1998. "The Dynamics of Industrial Competition," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521633574, November.
    12. Baldwin, John R., 1996. "Productivity Growth, Plant Turnover and Restructuring in the Canadian Manufacturing Sector," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1995087e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    13. Baldwin, John R. & Harchaoui, Tarek, 2002. "Productivity Growth in Canada," Productivity Growth in Canada, Statistics Canada, Economic Analysis Division, number stcb6e, July.
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