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Use of Plant-Level Micro-Data for the Evaluation of SME Innovation Policy in Japan

Listed author(s):
  • Kazuyuki Motohashi

Japan’s SME policies have reached a turning point. The traditional policy of “lifting up SMEs” has been changed into a more pro-competitive policy to foster entrepreneurship and innovation in SMEs. This paper evaluates this policy and the new innovation promotion schemes initiated by METI through an examination of plant-level micro data. Longitudinal micro-data from the Census of Manufacturing are linked to the list of firms participating in SME innovation policy schemes under the Law on Creative Activities in SMEs and the Law on Supporting Business Innovation in SMEs. The plant-level pattern of industrial dynamics suggests that both policies for new business start-ups and for innovation creation in existing firms are important. In addition, positive effects on sales growth are observed for firms that participate in the programme on Creative Activity Laws ... Utilisation de micro-données recueillies au niveau de l'entreprise pour évaluer la politique d'innovation des PME japonaises Au Japon, les politiques concernant les PME ont évolué de manière décisive. La politique traditionnelle qui consistait à « donner un coup de pouce » à ces entreprises a été abandonnée en faveur d’une politique plus axée sur la concurrence afin d’y encourager l’esprit d’entreprise et l’innovation. Le présent document évalue cette politique ainsi que les nouveaux programmes de promotion de l’innovation lancés par le METI, en examinant des micro-données recueillies au niveau de l’entreprise. Les données longitudinales provenant du Recensement des industries manufacturières sont liées à la liste des entreprises participant au programme d’action en faveur de l’innovation dans les PME en vertu de la loi sur les activités créatives dans les PME et de la loi sur l’aide à l’innovation dans les PME. La simulation effectuée grâce au modèle de dynamique industrielle au niveau de l’entreprise conduit à penser que ces deux dispositions – concernant la création de « jeunes pousses » et ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers with number 2002/12.

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Date of creation: 16 Jan 2002
Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2002/12-en
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