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The US Physician Workforce: Where Do We Stand?


  • Richard Cooper


This review surveys trends in physician supply in the United States from 1980 to the present with particular attention to the participation of International Medical Graduates. It discussed the composition of the physician workforce with regards to the number of family practitioners, specialists, women physicians and the aging of the workforce. Changes in the inflows and outflows of the physician workforce are discussed and, in particular, how international migration, retirement, part-time practice and alternative employment have impacted the physician workforce. La présente étude consistait à observer l’évolution de l’offre de médecins aux États-Unis de 1980 à nos jours, en accordant une attention particulière aux médecins diplômés étrangers. On y examine la composition du corps médical, dont le nombre de médecins de famille, de spécialistes, de femmes médecins, ainsi que la question de son vieillissement. On y réfléchit sur l’évolution des flux d’entrées et de sorties de médecins en activité et, en particulier, sur la manière dont les migrations internationales, les départs à la retraite, l’exercice à temps partiel et la possibilité d’exercer un autre emploi ont influé sur cette population.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Cooper, 2008. "The US Physician Workforce: Where Do We Stand?," OECD Health Working Papers 37, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaad:37-en

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    Cited by:

    1. Dean Baker, 2016. "Working Paper: The Compensation of Highly Paid Professionals: How Much Is Rent?," CEPR Reports and Issue Briefs 2016-13, Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR).

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    absolute poverty;

    JEL classification:

    • I19 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Other
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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