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Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries in the Second Half of the 1990s

  • Michael F. Förster
  • Marco Mira d'Ercole

This report provides evidence on income distribution and poverty in 27 OECD countries over the second half of the 1990s, using data that correct for many of the features that limit cross-country and intertemporal comparisons in this field. Patterns for income distribution and relative poverty in the second half of the 1990s — a period of significant improvement in labour market conditions in most OECD countries — conform to many of the longer-term trends identified in previous OECD analysis, but also highlight some significant departures. Inequality in the distribution of household disposable income among the total population increased slightly over the second half of the 1990s, continuing the trend of the previous decade. Relative poverty, measured with respect to a threshold set at half of median income, affected in 2000 around 11% of the OECD population, with an increase since the mid-1990s that is similar to that of the previous decade. Absolute income poverty, which had declined ... Ce rapport examine la distribution des revenus et la pauvreté dans 27 pays de l’OCDE pour la deuxième moitié de la décennie 90, sur la base de données corrigées d’une grande partie des paramètres qui handicapent les comparaisons transnationales et intertemporelles dans ce domaine. L’évolution de la distribution des revenus et de la pauvreté au cours de la deuxième moitié de la décennie 90 – période d’amélioration notable de la situation du marché du travail dans la plupart des pays de l’OCDE – s’inscrit pour une grande part dans le prolongement des tendances à long terme qui se dégageaient des analyses précédentes, mais présente aussi quelques écarts notables par rapport à celles-ci. L’inégalité de la distribution du revenu disponible des ménages sur l’ensemble de la population s’est légèrement accentuée dans la seconde moitié de la décennie 90, prolongeant la tendance observée au cours de la décennie précédente. La pauvreté relative, mesurée par rapport à un seuil fixé à la moitié ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers with number 22.

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Date of creation: 10 Mar 2005
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Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:22-en
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