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Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries in the Second Half of the 1990s


  • Michael F. Förster
  • Marco Mira d'Ercole


This report provides evidence on income distribution and poverty in 27 OECD countries over the second half of the 1990s, using data that correct for many of the features that limit cross-country and intertemporal comparisons in this field. Patterns for income distribution and relative poverty in the second half of the 1990s — a period of significant improvement in labour market conditions in most OECD countries — conform to many of the longer-term trends identified in previous OECD analysis, but also highlight some significant departures. Inequality in the distribution of household disposable income among the total population increased slightly over the second half of the 1990s, continuing the trend of the previous decade. Relative poverty, measured with respect to a threshold set at half of median income, affected in 2000 around 11% of the OECD population, with an increase since the mid-1990s that is similar to that of the previous decade. Absolute income poverty, which had declined ... Ce rapport examine la distribution des revenus et la pauvreté dans 27 pays de l’OCDE pour la deuxième moitié de la décennie 90, sur la base de données corrigées d’une grande partie des paramètres qui handicapent les comparaisons transnationales et intertemporelles dans ce domaine. L’évolution de la distribution des revenus et de la pauvreté au cours de la deuxième moitié de la décennie 90 – période d’amélioration notable de la situation du marché du travail dans la plupart des pays de l’OCDE – s’inscrit pour une grande part dans le prolongement des tendances à long terme qui se dégageaient des analyses précédentes, mais présente aussi quelques écarts notables par rapport à celles-ci. L’inégalité de la distribution du revenu disponible des ménages sur l’ensemble de la population s’est légèrement accentuée dans la seconde moitié de la décennie 90, prolongeant la tendance observée au cours de la décennie précédente. La pauvreté relative, mesurée par rapport à un seuil fixé à la moitié ...

Suggested Citation

  • Michael F. Förster & Marco Mira d'Ercole, 2005. "Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries in the Second Half of the 1990s," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 22, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:22-en

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    1. Lars Osberg & Kuan Xu, 2008. "How Should We Measure Poverty in a Changing World? Methodological Issues and Chinese Case Study," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(2), pages 419-441, May.
    2. Grech, Aaron George, 2010. "Assessing the sustainability of pension reforms in Europe," MPRA Paper 27407, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Aaron George Grech, 2013. "How best to measure pension adequacy," CASE Papers case172, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.
    4. Grech, Aaron George, 2014. "Evaluating the possible impact of pension reforms on elderly poverty in Europe," MPRA Paper 57639, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Georges Menahem, 2007. "Le taux de sécurité démarchandisée :un outil d'évaluation des systèmes de protection sociale européens," Post-Print halshs-00198376, HAL.
    6. Sanz, Ismael & Velazquez, Francisco J., 2007. "The role of ageing in the growth of government and social welfare spending in the OECD," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 917-931, December.
    7. O. Yul Kwon, 2010. "The Korean Economy in Transition," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 1956.
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    9. Copenhagen Economics, 2008. "Study on reduced VAT applied to goods and services in the Member States of the European Union," Taxation Papers 13, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission, revised Oct 2008.
    10. Wim Suyker & Henri de Groot, 2006. "China and the Dutch economy," CPB Document 127, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    11. Chakraborty, Lekha S., 2006. "Fiscal decentralisation and gender responsive budgeting in Mexico: Some observations," Working Papers 06/40, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
    12. Giuseppina Malerba & Marta Spreafico, 2013. "Income inequality in the European Union: evidence from a panel analysis," DISCE - Quaderni dell'Istituto di Politica Economica ispe0065, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    13. Chatzouz, Moustafa, 2014. "Government Debt and Wealth Inequality: Theory and Insights from Altruism," MPRA Paper 77007, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. repec:mes:jpneco:v:37:y:2010:i:3:p:3-36 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Diana Worts & Amanda Sacker & Peggy McDonough, 2010. "Re-Assessing Poverty Dynamics and State Protections in Britain and the US: The Role of Measurement Error," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 97(3), pages 419-438, July.
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    17. Giblin, S. & McNabola, A., 2009. "Modelling the impacts of a carbon emission-differentiated vehicle tax system on CO2 emissions intensity from new vehicle purchases in Ireland," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 1404-1411, April.
    18. Charles Horioka & Reiko Kanda, 2010. "Revitalizing the Japanese Economy by Socializing Risk," Japanese Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(3), pages 3-36.
    19. Thomas Harjes, 2007. "Globalization and Income Inequality; A European Perspective," IMF Working Papers 07/169, International Monetary Fund.
    20. Clauss, Markus & Schnabel, Reinhold, 2008. "Distributional and behavioural effects of the German labour market reform," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 41(4), pages 431-446.
    21. Eichhorst, Werner & Wozny, Florian & Mähönen, Erno, 2015. "What Is a Good Job?," IZA Discussion Papers 9461, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    22. Yekaterina Chzhen, 2014. "Child Poverty and Material Deprivation in the European Union during the Great Recession," Papers inwopa723, Innocenti Working Papers.
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    24. Fred Argy, 2007. "Distribution Effects of Labour Deregulation," Agenda - A Journal of Policy Analysis and Reform, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics, vol. 14(2), pages 141-155.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty

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