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Globalisation and Higher Education

  • Simon Marginson
  • Marijk van der Wende
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    Economic and cultural globalisation has ushered in a new era in higher education. Higher education was always more internationally open than most sectors because of its immersion in knowledge, which never showed much respect for juridical boundaries. In global knowledge economies, higher education institutions are more important than ever as mediums for a wide range of cross-border relationships and continuous global flows of people, information, knowledge, technologies, products and financial capital. Even as they share in the reinvention of the world around them, higher education institutions, and the policies that produce and support them, are also being reinvented. For the first time in history every research university is part of a single world-wide network and the world leaders in the field have an unprecedented global visibility and power. Research is more internationalised than before and the mobility of doctoral students and faculty has increased. The specifically global element in academic labour markets has gained weight, especially since the advent of global university rankings. This working paper explores the issues for national policy and for individual institutions. Part I provides an overview of globalisation and higher education and the global responses of national systems and individual institutions of higher education. Part II is focused on certain areas of policy with a strong multilateral dimension: Europeanisation, institutional rankings and typologies and cross-border mobility. Avec la mondialisation économique et culturelle, l'enseignement supérieur entre dans une nouvelle ère. Jusqu'ici, l'enseignement supérieur a toujours été un secteur plus international que les autres, car plongé dans la connaissance, sans égard aux frontières juridiques. Dans les économies mondiales de la connaissance, les établissements d'enseignement supérieur sont plus importants que jamais en tant qu'intermédiaires dans une multiplicité de relations internationales et de flux continus d'individus, d'informations, de connaissances, de technologies, de produits et de capital financier. Même si ils participent à la réinvention du monde autour d'eux, les établissements d'enseignement supérieur, et les actions politiques qui les engendrent et les soutiennent, sont aussi en train d'être repensés. Pour la première fois dans l?histoire, chaque université de recherche fait partie d'un unique réseau mondial, et les chefs de file internationaux dans le domaine sont dotés d'une visibilité et d'un pouvoir au niveau mondial sans pareil. La recherche est désormais plus internationalisée, et la mobilité des doctorants et du corps enseignant se développe. L'élément international a pris de la valeur sur les marchés du travail de la filière académique, et plus particulièrement depuis l'avènement des classements universitaires à l'échelle mondiale. Ce document de travail étudie les problématiques pour les politiques nationales et les établissements eux-mêmes. La première partie analyse dans son ensemble la mondialisation et l'enseignement supérieur, et les actions internationales qu'entreprennent les systèmes nationaux et les établissements d'enseignement supérieur. La seconde partie observe plus spécialement certains domaines politiques à caractère très international : l'européanisation, les classements et les typologies des établissements, et la mobilité internationale.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/173831738240
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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Education Working Papers with number 8.

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    Date of creation: 06 Jul 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:eduaab:8-en
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