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Options for Benchmarking Infrastructure Performance

  • Mauro Pisu
  • Peter Hoeller
  • Isabelle Joumard

Three main approaches can be used to assess infrastructure performance. The first employs macro-econometric techniques to estimate the impact of the existing infrastructure capital stock on growth and to infer its growth-maximising level. This approach neglects the impact of infrastructure on some dimensions of social welfare, such as pollution. The second relies on ex-ante or ex-post cost-benefit analyses of infrastructure projects. These take into account desirable and undesirable outcomes and provide thus a welfare perspective, but this approach would not allow comparing the performance of the existing infrastructure stock. A third approach aims at benchmarking the social efficiency of infrastructure service provision based on the existing capital stock taking into account positive and negative externalities. This paper analyses the challenges in implementing these approaches. Options pour évaluer la performance des infrastructures Trois types de méthodes peuvent être utilisés pour évaluer la performance des infrastructures. Le premier suppose la mise en oeuvre de techniques macro-économétriques permettant d’estimer l’impact du stock d’infrastructures existant sur la croissance pour en déduire son potentiel de maximisation de la croissance. Cette méthode ne prend pas en compte l’impact des infrastructures sur certains aspects du bien-être social, la pollution par exemple. Le deuxième repose sur des analyses coûts-avantages des projets d’infrastructures effectuées a priori ou a posteriori. Cette méthode permet de prendre en compte les externalités souhaitables aussi bien que non souhaitables des projets et permet donc de se placer dans la perspective du bien-être, mais cette méthode ne permet pas de comparer les performances des stocks d’infrastructures existants. Enfin, il existe une troisième méthode qui vise à étalonner l’efficience sociale de la prestation de services à partir du stock existant tout en prenant en compte les externalités positives et négatives. Les difficultés inhérentes à la mise en oeuvre de ces trois méthodes sont examinées dans ce document de travail.

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 956.

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Date of creation: 27 Apr 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:956-en
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