IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Current Account Sustainability in Brazil: A Non-Linear Approach


  • Luiz de Mello


  • Matteo Mogliani

    (Paris School of Economics)


The possibility that a country’s external current account may adjust nonlinearly to shocks is attracting increasing attention in the empirical literature. To shed further light on this issue in the context of emerging-market economies, this paper uses Brazilian data to estimate the determinants of the current account in a smooth-transition vector-autoregressive (ST-VAR) setting. We allow for the transition parameters and the model coefficients to be estimated simultaneously by non-linear constrained maximum likelihood. We find strong evidence of non-linearity in the VAR when (lagged) government consumption and investment are used as the variables governing transition across regimes. The computation of non-linear impulse response functions suggests that the system’s history, as well as the sign and magnitude of shocks, affect the current account’s responses to exogenous changes in income, government consumption and investment. In particular, responses to fiscal shocks depend on whether they are positive or negative and whether they follow periods of fiscal expansions or contractions. Current account responses to a positive fiscal impulse are much stronger when conditioned on periods of fiscal expansion (rising government consumption) than retrenchment. The importance of conditioning history and the magnitude of shocks in the current account’s response to shocks is confirmed by forecast error variance decomposition analysis. La soutenabilité du compte courant brésilien : une approche non-linéaire La possibilité que le compte courant d’un pays puisse s'ajuster non-linéairement aux chocs suscite un intéret croissant dans la littérature empirique. Dans ce document, nous nous intéressons au cas des économies émergentes. Plus précisément, nous analysons, sur données brésiliennes, les déterminants du compte courant dans le cadre de modèles vectoriels autorégressifs à transition lisse (ST-VAR). Nous estimons simultanément les paramètres de transition et les coefficients du modèle par maximum de vraisemblance non-linéairement contraint. Nous démontrons l’existence de non-linéarité dans le VAR en utilisant les dépenses publiques (retardées) du gouvernement et l’investissement comme variables de transitions entre les différents régimes. Les fonctions de réponse suggèrent que la situation budgétaire initiale, ainsi que le signe et la magnitude du choc, jouent sur la réponse du compte courant aux variations non anticipées du revenu, des dépenses publiques et de l’investissement. En particulier, les réponses à un choc positif sur les dépenses publiques sont plus fortes en période d’expansion budgétaire (croissance des dépenses publiques) qu’en période de contraction. L’intérêt de prendre en compte la situation budgétaire et la magnitude des chocs dans la réponse du compte courant est confirmé par une décomposition de la variance de l’erreur de prévision.

Suggested Citation

  • Luiz de Mello & Matteo Mogliani, 2009. "Current Account Sustainability in Brazil: A Non-Linear Approach," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 703, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:703-en

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Brazil; Brésil; compte courant; current account; fonctions de réponse non-linéaire; modèles vectoriels autorégressifs à transition lisse; non-linear impulse response; smooth-transition non-linear VAR;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:703-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.