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Regulation of Financial Systems and Economic Growth

Author

Listed:
  • Alain de Serres
  • Shuji Kobayakawa
  • Torsten Sløk
  • Laura Vartia

Abstract

This paper examines whether regulation that is more conducive to competitive and efficient financial systems has a significant positive impact on sectoral output and productivity growth in a sample of 25 OECD countries. More specifically, following a methodology used by Rajan and Zingales (1998), the paper tests whether industries that depend more heavily on external sources of funding tend to grow faster in countries that have more competition-friendly regulation in markets for banking services and financial instruments. The regulatory indicators are assembled from surveys conducted by the World Bank on regulations in banking and securities markets. They point to substantial variations in the stance of regulation across countries, in particular with respect to the broad rules underpinning securities market transactions. The empirical analysis indicates that financial system regulation matters for output growth both in a statistical and economic sense. Réglementation des systèmes financiers et croissance économique L'objet de cette étude consiste à examiner, sur la base d'un échantillon de 25 pays de l'OCDE, dans quelle mesure une réglementation plus propice à des systèmes financiers concurrentiels et efficaces entraîne un effet positif significatif sur la croissance sectorielle. De manière plus spécifique, suivant une approche utilisée par Rajan et Zingales (1998), l'étude vérifie si les industries qui dépendent davantage des fonds externes croissent plus rapidement dans les pays dont la réglementation conduit à une concurrence plus vive sur les marchés des services bancaires et des instruments financiers. Les indicateurs de réglementation sont construits à partir d'information recueillie par la Banque Mondiale sur la réglementation dans le secteur bancaire et sur les valeurs obilières. Ils mettent en lumière des variations substantielles entre les pays, en particulier en ce qui a trait à la réglementation encadrant les transactions sur valeurs mobilières. L'analyse statistique indique que la réglementation des systèmes financiers affecte la croissance de la production de manière significative, à la fois au sens statistique et économique.

Suggested Citation

  • Alain de Serres & Shuji Kobayakawa & Torsten Sløk & Laura Vartia, 2006. "Regulation of Financial Systems and Economic Growth," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 506, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:506-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/870803826715
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    barrier to competition; croissance sectorielle; entrave à la concurrence; external funding; financement externe; financial regulation; financial systems; investor protection; protection des actionnaires; réglementation financière; sectoral growth; système financier;

    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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