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Coping with Population Ageing in Hungary

Author

Listed:
  • Andrew Burns
  • Jaromir Cekota

Abstract

This paper examines economic challenges posed by the combination of an ageing and declining population in Hungary and develops policy-oriented recommendations for addressing them. The authors identify the scale and specific properties of the demographic problem in Hungary where the population started to decline earlier than in any other OECD country. Public support for the elderly is provided by the social-security pension system and the healthcare system. While the former was reformed with partial success in the late 1990s, the latter developed less successfully, threatening to generate massive deficits in the long run. Projections indicate that even the public pension system may become unsustainable, unless the authorities restore the parameters of the original reform and encourage successfully higher labour force participation. In this context, measures to improve employability of the numerically strong and growing Roma minority are particularly pertinent. The healthcare sector ... Le problème du vieillissement démographique en Hongrie Le présent document examine les problèmes économiques posés par la conjonction du vieillissement et de la diminution de la population hongroise et propose des recommandations d'action pour y remédier. Les auteurs analysent l'ampleur et les caractéristiques du problème démographique en Hongrie, où la population a commencé à se réduire plus tôt que dans les autres pays de l'OCDE. Les personnes âgées bénéficient d'aides de l'Etat par le biais du système d'assurance sociale au titre des pensions et du système de santé. Si le premier a été réformé avec un certain succès à la fin des années 90, l'évolution du second est plus préoccupante et risque de se traduire par de très importants déficits à long terme. Si l'on en juge d'après les prévisions, le système public de pensions pourrait lui-même ne pas être tenable en longue période, à moins que les autorités ne modifient les paramètres de la réforme initiale et n'obtiennent une élévation du taux d'activité. Dans ce contexte, des mesures ...

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew Burns & Jaromir Cekota, 2002. "Coping with Population Ageing in Hungary," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 338, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:338-en
    DOI: 10.1787/254781762631
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1787/254781762631
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    Cited by:

    1. Jaromir Cekota & Claudia Trentini, 2011. "The educational attainment, labour market participation and living conditions of young Roma in Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania," ECE Discussion Papers Series 2011_2, UNECE.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    health care; Hongrie; Hungary; long-term projections; pensions; pensions; population ageing; prévisions à long terme; services de santé; vieillissement démographique;

    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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