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Average Effective Tax Rates on Capital, Labour and Consumption

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  • David Carey
  • Harry Tchilinguirian

Abstract

Over the past 15 years, tax reforms have profoundly changed the shape of OECD tax systems and rekindled interest in measuring effective tax burdens. Indeed, in order to understand past reforms or to evaluate the tax policies of particular countries, it is necessary to go beyond statutory rates since these sometimes bear little relation to rates actually paid. This paper updates and extends the Mendoza et al. estimates of average effective tax rates (AETRs) and presents new estimates based on modifications to the methodology to make some of the underlying assumptions more realistic. In particular, the assumption that all income from self-employment is capital income is dropped in favour of assuming that the self-employed earn both labour and capital income. This change raises estimates of the AETR on capital and reduces the estimated AETR on labour but does not alter the trends observed in the updated Mendoza et al. estimates. Both sets of estimates show that, on average, the ... Au cours des quinze dernières années, diverses réformes ont profondément modifié la structure des systèmes fiscaux des pays de l'OCDE et ravivé l'intérêt pour une mesure de la charge fiscale effective. De fait, pour comprendre les réformes antérieures ou pour évaluer les politiques fiscales de certains pays, il est nécessaire d'aller au delà des taux statutaires, ceux-ci ayant parfois bien peu de relation avec ceux effectivement payés. Cet article actualise et étend les estimations des TIEM (taux d'imposition effectifs moyens) mis au point par Mendoza et al. et présente de nouvelles estimations fondées sur des modifications de la méthodologie visant à rendre plus realists certaines des hypothèses sous-jacentes. En particulier l'hypothèse selon laquelle l'ensemble des revenus des travailleurs indépendants doit être considéré comme revenu du capital est abandonnée en faveur d'une hypothèse selon laquelle les revenus des travailleurs indépendants représentent à la fois des revenus du ...

Suggested Citation

  • David Carey & Harry Tchilinguirian, 2000. "Average Effective Tax Rates on Capital, Labour and Consumption," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 258, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:258-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/247874530426
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    average effective tax rates; coefficient de pression fiscale; implicit tax rates; taux d'imposition effectifs moyens; taux d'imposition implicites; tax ratios;

    JEL classification:

    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods
    • H89 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Other

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